The Global Initiative for Southeast Asia, GISEA, was launched in March 2013 in Jakarta, Indonesia.
In March 2007, the IPIECA OSWG (Oil Spill Working Group) commissioned a study to identify preparedness gaps in Southeast Asia. This study led to the development of an action plan for the implementation of a GI-type programme in the region. The implementation was stalled due to a number of issues, and only revived in April 2010 when the OSWG agreed to establish a Level 1 programme in the region.
On February 2011, at the OSWG meeting in Bangkok, members agreed to adopt a more proactive approach to the Southeast Asian region and establish a Level 2 Programme. A GI Level 2 programme entails the implementation activities in conjunction with the IMO and other partners using a planned, budgeted process with focus on national and regional activities.
Following a meeting in January 2012, the OSWG agreed upon a two-phased process for implementing a GI Level 2 programme in Southeast Asia. In the first phase, the focus was on areas that have existing high levels of oil and gas activities. It was intended that a GI Programme specific to the needs of each of these ‘Phase 1’ countries be established with support from the wider IPIECA membership. Subsequently, GISEA was expanded to include all ten member states of ASEAN.